Bicycle Partnership Program

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Rationale of the BPP
Cycling and proverty reduction
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South Africa

The Bicycle Partnership Program has partnerships between I-CE and:

 

 

South Africa has a population of 47 million individuals. Approximately 57% of the population is living under the poverty line, which is mainly due to lack of access to economic activities. With the Western Cape (32%) and Gauteng (42%) having the lower percentages. Seven of the ten poorest municipalities are situated in the Eastern Cape, two in Limpopo and one in Free State.

 

Cape Town and Tshwane, with a population of 3,2 million and 2,2 million inhabitants, are major cities with relatively low poverty percentages of 30% and 38%.  In these cities, however, many low-income workers live in former ‘townships’ far away from their workplace in city centres, and industrial estates, or from domestic work in other suburbs. In consequence, a large percentage of their income is used for transport costs to and from work, or to find work.

 

Cycling in urban transport policy
Most South African cities are oriented on individual motorised traffic; this has had a detrimental affect on the transportation system and the environment over the past years. The transport sector contributes almost half of the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) in South Africa. As a result South African authorities are aware of the need to develop and promote other alternative modes of transportation.

 

Despite cycling being officially recognised as viable mode of travel it is by the general public, however, viewed as an inferior mode in comparison to motorised transportation. While walking still remains the most important mode of travel with 23% of all trips to and from work, cycling accounts for only 1%. This is mainly due to the lack of cycling facilities, safety concerns, aggressive driver behaviour, lack of road space and lack of transport integration. It will therefore require profound understanding of these issues, attitudes and perception to influence this trend.

 

At present the National Department of Transportation (NDoT) are in the process of reviewing the NMT policy, in which the policy statements relates to; (1) Cycling, (2) Animal Drawn Transport and (3) Pedestrian. This is an indication that cycling is seen as a viable mode of transport to address these issues, in order to improve the lives of its citizens.

 



Interface for Cycling Expertise
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